100 англійських фразових дієслів, які повинен знати кожен

английские фразовые глаголы

Без фразових дієслів у вивченні англійської ніяк не обійтися. Адже залежно від прийменника, який стоїть після дієслова, його значення може абсолютно змінитися. І вгадати, що саме означає фразове дієслово, іноді може бути абсолютно неможливо. Наприклад, take – брати, take off – злітати. Тому єдиний вихід – це взяти та вивчити їх.

Ми підготували для вас 100 найпоширенішиз фразових дієслів. Перевірте себе, чи знаєте ви все з цього списку? Чи на вас чекають відкриття?

1. Act on – діяти згідно

  • Police say they acted on information

2. Act out – розігрувати, зображати

  • The children were acting out the story of the birth of Jesus.

3. Act up – барахлити; пустувати

  • My car always acts up in cold weather.

4. Agree with – підходити

  • Green peppers don’t agree with me.

5. Aim at – націлити(ся)

  • The new budget aims at providing extra support for the unemployed.

6. Answer back – огризатися, заперечувати

  • The child’s refusal to comply may not seem as bad as the child’s habit of answering back.

7. Ask around – розпитувати

  • If you ask around I’m sure someone there can give you directions to the museum.

8. Ask in – запросити до себе

  • I’d ask you in for a coffee but I have to get up early for work in the morning.

9. Ask out – запросити на побачення

  • She’s asked Steve out to the cinema this evening.

10. Back away – відступати, задкувати

  • She saw that he had a gun and backed away.

ЧИТАЙТЕ ТАКОЖ: Хитрі конструкції USED TO, WOULD ALWAYS, BE / GET USED TO – говоримо про звички англійською

английские фразовые глаголы

11. Back down – дати задню

  • Eventually, Roberto backed down and apologized.

12. Back off – задкувати; перестати втручатися

  • Back off, Marc! Let me run my own life!

13. Back out – відмовитися, порушити домовленість

  • After you’ve signed the contract, it will be impossible to back out.

14. Back up – пітримати, підкріпити

  • These theories have not been backed up by research.

15. Bargain down – збити ціну

  • Can you believe I bargained that guy down to $30 for the dresser?

16. Be after – шукати, намагатися отримати

  • What sort of answers are you after?

17. Be along – приїжджати

  • Another bus should be along in a minute.

18. Be away – бути відсутнім, поїхати

  • Ms Watson is away on holiday until the end of the week.

19. Be cut out for – бути схильним до, створеним для

  • Dad says I’m not cut out for the military, but I think I can thrive in that environment.

20. Be cut up – бути засмученим

  • He was very cut up about Stephen dying.

21. Be down – відчувати себе пригніченим

  • I got some bad news this morning, so I’m a bit down at the moment.

22. Be fed up – бути ситим по горло

  • Residents are fed up with the disturbance caused by the nightclub.

23. Be taken with – вважати щось привабливим

  • I’m quite taken by the idea of Christmas in Berlin.

24. Be up – не спати

  • Are the kids still up?

25. Bear with – терпіти

  • It’s boring, but please bear with it.

английские фразовые глаголы

26. Beat out – переграти

  • Lockheed beat out a rival company to win the contract.

27. Beat up – побити

  • Carl got beaten up outside a nightclub on Saturday night.

28. Belong with – мати відношення до, підходити, бути разом з

  • This case belongs with that camera.

29. Bend down – нахилитись

  • I bent down and picked up the coins lying on the road.

30. Big up – звеличувати

  • He’s always on TV bigging up his new band.

31. Black out – знепритомніти

  • I blacked out right after the accident.

32. Blast off – стартувати (про космічний корабель або ракету)

  • The rocket blasted off successfully and is now headed for the moon.

33. Blow away – вразити

  • I was blown away by how good that movie was!

34. Blow down – сдути (про вітер)

  • That wind today blew down all of the clothes I’d hung on the clothesline.

35. Blow up – підривати(сь)

  • Rebels attempted to blow up the bridge.

36. Boil up – закипати

  • He could feel the anger boiling up inside him.

37. Bone up on – зубрити

  • I have to bone up on the state driving laws because I have to take my driving test tomorrow.

38. Call up – дзвонити

  • Please call up your mother once in a while.

39. Calm down – заспокоїти(ся)

  • She sat down and took a few deep breaths to calm herself down.

40. Carried away – захоплений, в азарті

  • It’s easy to get carried away when you can do so much with the graphics software.

ЧИТАЙТЕ ТАКОЖ: 25 почуттів зі Словника незрозумілої печалі, які ви точно відчували, але не знали, як назвати

английские фразовые глаголы

41. Carry off – перемогти, виграти

  • Everyone was shocked when that little-known band carried off the night’s biggest award.

42. Carry on – продовжувати

  • You’ll have an accident if you carry on driving like that.

43. Decide upon – вирішити на користь

  • Have you decided upon a date for the wedding?

44. Feed on – годуватися

  • Owls feed on mice and other small animals.

45. Feel up to – відчувати себе у змозі зробити щось-то

  • While I was sick, I didn’t feel up to doing much besides napping and watching TV.

46. Give up – кинути

  • She gave up her job and started writing poetry.

47. Hold off – стримувати, тримати на відстані

  • We held off the reporters as long as we could.

48. Hold on – зачекати

  • Hold on a minute! Isn’t that your brother’s car over there?

49. Jam on – натиснути

  • Most people naively imagine they will stop immediately when they jam on the brakes.

50. Jaw away – просторікувати

  • I became so bored while the professor jawed away at us that I nearly fell asleep in the middle of the lecture.

51. Jazz up – зробити більш привабливим

  • Jazz up your everyday meals with our new range of seasonings.

52. Keep around – тримати поблизу

  • He doesn’t work very hard, but we keep him around anyway.

53. Keep at – домагатися, наполегливо намагатися

  • If you really want to become a comic book artist, you have to keep at it!

54. Keep away – триматися віддалік, не підходити

  • Kids, keep away from that beehive!

55. Keep back – тримати(ся) на безпечній відстані

  • This area is too dangerous so keep the kids back.

английские фразовые глаголы

56. Key to – пристосувати

  • The daycare hours are keyed to the needs of working parents.

57. Key up – розхвилювати

  • Travis was keyed up at the thought of seeing Rosie again.

58. Kick in – почати діяги

  • You’ll feel a lot better when the medication kicks in.

59. Kick out – вигнати

  • I just hope they don’t kick us out when they realize who we are.

60. Knock off – закінчити щось робити

  • Knock off shoveling snow now, and come in for a hot drink.

61. Lash down – прив’язати

  • They lashed the prisoner down to the table and began torturing him to extract information.

62. Lash into – накинутись

  • The boss lashed into the intern for mixing up the documents for the year-end audit.

63. Lash out – розлютитись, накинутись

  • She would suddenly lash out at other children.

64. Lay on – підготувати, організувати

  • They laid on a beautiful buffet lunch.

65. Lay out – витрачати

  • Some people are willing to lay out huge amounts of money for electronic equipment.

66. Let in – впускати всередину, пропускати

  • These shoes are starting to let water in.

67. Let off – відпустити, залишити без покарання

  • The police let him off with a warning.

68. Link up – з’єднувати(ся)

  • Just link your phones up over Bluetooth and share the data wirelessly.

69. Live by – жити відповідно до (на основі принципів)

  • I have always tried to live by my faith

ЧИТАЙТЕ ТАКОЖ: Станьте ходячою енциклопедією з 28 англійськими ідіомами зі словом WALK!

английские фразовые глаголы

70-71. Log in/on – увійти, підключитися до системи

  • Customers are often unable to log in to the system.

72-73. Log off/out – вийти з системи

  • Make sure all users have logged off before shutting the system down.

74. Look up – подивитися (в довідковому виданні)

  • Look the word up in your dictionary.

75. Make after – наздоганяти, переслідувати

  • I made after the bus, but there was no way I could catch it.

76. Make away with – викрасти

  • Sorry, the dog made away with the last burger—snatched it right from the table.

77. Make it – зуміти дістатися

  • So far, relatively few women have made it to the top in the business world.

78. Make it up to – відшкодувати, компенсувати

  • I know you’re disappointed about missing the movie, but I’ll make it up to you.

79. Make of – зрозуміти, скласти враження

  • I didn’t know what to make of her.

80. Melt down – танути; плавити

  • By the time the ceremony was over, the elaborate ice sculpture had melted down into a large puddle.

81. Mess about – валяти дурня

  • He spent the day with friends, just messing about.

82. Mix up – плутати

  • I’m sorry I’m late, I must have mixed up the time for our meeting.

83. Move into – в’їхати

  • Now that the company is hiring a few more people, we decided to move into a bigger office.

84. Move up – посунутись

  • There’s room for one more if everyone moves up a bit.

85. Opt for – обрати, віддати перевагу

  • The kids opted for a trip to Disneyland instead of New York City.

английские фразовые глаголы

86. Pass away – померти

  • After she passed away, the doctors wanted to do an autopsy.

87. Pass by – проходити повз

  • Will you be passing by the supermarket on your way home?

88. Pick at – неохоче їсти, колупати (їжу)

  • Charles picked at his food in a bored fashion.

89. Pig out – поглинати

  • I found Sam in front of the TV, pigging out on pizza and fries.

90. Pile up – накопичуватись

  • The work was piling up, and I decided I had to go in to the office on the weekend.

91. Pipe down – замовчати

  • Will you please pipe down, you two? I’m trying to read!

92. Pipe up – заговорити

  • In the silence that followed, a lone voice piped up from the back of the room.

93. Plug in – підключити

  • He plugged in the iron and waited for it to get hot.

94. Point out – вказати

  • He was always very keen to point out my mistakes.

95. Polish off – з’їсти, розправитися з

  • Who polished off the cake?

96. Polish up – поліпшити

  • I’ve been polishing my Japanese up before I go to Tokyo next month.

97. Pop in – заскочити

  • Why don’t you pop in and see us this afternoon?

98. Price up – підвищити ціну

  • I should have bought that laptop when I was first looking—now they’ve priced it up by nearly $200!

99. Pull ahead – випередити

  • I need to follow behind you to know where we’re going, so please don’t pull too far ahead of us in traffic.

100. Pull out – виїхати (про транспортний засіб)

  • I knocked over the mailbox when I was pulling out of the drive way.

ЧИТАЙТЕ ТАКОЖ: Англійські слова та фрази, які варто забути, якщо ви молодше 70